Climate change impacts and adaptations of wine production

Must read paper from leading researcher van Leeuwen on how it is not mandatory for vineyard managers to adapt their practices in wine regions globally.

Review discussing the consequences of changing temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation and CO2 on global wine production, and exploring adaptation strategies. 90% of traditional wine regions in coastal and lowland regions of Spain, Italy, Greece and Southern California could be at risk of disappearing by the end of the century because of excessive drought and more frequent heatwaves with climate change. Existing producers can adapt to a certain level of warming by changing plant material, training systems and vineyard management. However, these adaptations might not be enough to maintain economically viable wine production in all areas. Future research should aim to assess the economic impact of climate change adaptation strategies applied at large scale.